European Commission Joint Research Center under the EU The JRC recently issued a global climate change report. According to the report, the world’s population will reach 10 billion by 2050, but there is a widespread risk of social instability or conflict as water shortages occur due to weather changes. The Global Risk Report 2018, published by the World Economic Forum, identifies storms and droughts as the greatest threat to global stability.
In this survey, we conducted machine learning to identify the outbreaks of war related to the past, and conducted future forecasting simulations based on water resources, drought, greenhouse gas emissions, population growth and dependence, and socioeconomic conditions.
According to this map, the East African region and the northern part of India are highly dangerous places. Of course, developed countries are not irrelevant to water shortages. There are 18 million people in South Colorado, Arizona, and Nevada leaning on the Kool Lauda River, where many people depend on one source. For this reason, five areas of high risk of water disputes such as Ganges, Indus, Tigris and Euphrates were identified.
In addition, global warming and population growth will increase the risk of developing water conflicts by 75 to 95 percent over the next 50 to 100 years. Of course, whether such a problem develops as a dispute may differ depending on the preparations and cooperation of each country. It is hoped that the countries sharing the same source will be able to discuss the countermeasures by announcing the dangerous countries and regions. It can also be part of this effort to make water hazard zones into specific indices and mathematical models. For more information, please click here .